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The Objective World is not Real
Actually, men see the shadow and take it to be the substance. They see length, breadth, height and thickness and they jump to the conclusion that they have an object before them. They experience a series of sensations and memories and adding them all up they infer that there are some objects producing them. This mistaking of Appearance for Reality is misnamed Jnana. How can it ever be Jnana? Can the image of a person ever be "he"? If the image is taken to be "he", can we call it knowledge? Such is the nature of all knowledge now. What is cognised as an object, is not real at all; its reality is not cognisable.
The Adwaithin believes "Aham Brahmaasmi", "I am Brahman". How has he acquired that conviction? Why does he state so! Ask him and the reply is, "The Sruthi declares so, the Guru taught like that". But, learning it from these sources does not entitle him to make that profound statement. If a person is a master of these three words Aham, Brahma and Asmi, does he attain the unity with Brahmam? No, ceaseless striving through countless births, loyal performance of scriptural duties, these purify the mind. In such a mind, seeds of devotion sprout and when tended with care and knowledge, flowers bloom, fruits appear and ripen and get filled with sweetness and fragrance. When the fruit is eaten, man becomes one with the Supreme, the power that permeates all things, all religions and which is eternally present and conscious and blissful.
A person may enunciate the formula "Aham Brahmasmi" correctly; etymology
may be perfect; but when he is ignorant of the 'world', unaware of 'I'
and completely in the dark about 'Brahmam', can he ever taste the rare
joy of a Jnani? It is not mastery of words and their meaning that counts;
it is awareness, experience - these are the fundamentals.