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The Eras, classified according to the principles and practices of spiritual progress as laid down in the Hindu Dharma, are three:
Vedic literature consists of Samhithas, Brahmanas, Aranyakas, and Upanishads; of these, the first three deal with Karma and are known as Karmakanda and the last, the Upanishads, are concerned with Jnana and so are called Jnanakanda.
The groups of Manthras in the Veda Samhithas are full of Stotras, glorifying
Gods like Indra, Agni, Varuna, Surya and Rudra. The Aryans in ancient
times earned peace and contentment and the fulfillment of their desires
by sacrifices and rituals, addressed to these Gods through these Manthras.
They realised that the Absolute Principle, the Paramatma, is One and one
only; and they also knew that it manifests nevertheless as varied and
manifold, under different Names and Forms.